IT GLOSSARY

IP Address

Address coded on 32 bits identifying a piece of equipment on the network in a unique manner (e.g. 192.168.10.56).

ADSL

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, very high-speed communication link.

Backdoor

Programme installed automatically by a virus or manually by a malicious person which allows the computer to be controlled remotely.

Cache

Temporary memory

CGI

Common Gateway Interface, technology for running programmes on web servers.

DNS

Domain Name System

Ethernet

One of the communication standards on the local network.

Firewall

Hardware and/or software device for protecting a local network and/or connected machine.

FTP

File Transfer Protocol, communication protocol for exchanging files between computers.

GUI

Graphic User Interface, graphic interface for running software.

HTML

HyperText Markup Language, designates the language for creating web pages.

HTTPS

Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol, protocol for the secure exchange of data on the web. Your data is encrypted before being transmitted.

IMAP

Internet Message Access Protocol, protocol for accessing electronic mailboxes.

IP

Internet Protocol

ISP

Internet Service Provider

Java

Programming language

Javascript

Language allowing integrated scripts to be programmed in a web page.

Kbit/s

Kilobit per second, unit indicating the speed of transmission.

LAN

Local Area Network, local network

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, coding system allowing the dispatch of digital documents and ensuring correct transmission of accented letters.

NAT

Network Address Translation, System for translating IP addresses between various networks.

NNTP

Network News Transfer Protocol, protocol used for the transmission of newsgroups (articles from forums).

Octet

Byte, group of 8 bits.

POP3

Post Office Protocol Ver. 3, protocol for accessing electronic mailboxes.

PPP

Point to Point, refers to a TCP/IP protocol allowing the transmission of datagrams by means of a serial communication line.

Quoted-Printable

Method of encoding binary files in text files.

ISDN

Digital network with integrated service, full name: Integrated Service Digital Network (ISDN).

Router

Equipment allowing packets of information to be transferred from one network to the other.

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, protocol allowing messages to be sent and distributed on the Internet.

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

URL

Uniform Resource Locator, method of uniform addressing indicating the protocol for the various services available within the Internet network.

V.92

Regulation for transmitting information at 56 Kbit/s over a telephone line.

WAN

Wide Area Network

Wysiwyg

What you see is what you get

XML

eXtensible Markup Language, HTML extension for dynamic page layouts.